The Sullivan building in Chicago at State Street and Madison was constructed in 1904 for the Carson Pirie Scott Department Store. The green ironwork on the entrance canopies made a unique impression on customers. So did the leaded glass at Woodward & Lothrop in Washington DC, and the neo-classical façade of Hutzler’s Palace in Baltimore. Along with Wanamaker's organ, Marshall Field's Tiffany dome, Sanger-Harris’ mosaics, and others, the design of the store was important in creating a distinct atmosphere.
Designs were so appreciated that locals coined phrases for meeting locations: “under the clock at Kaufmann’s,” “by the eagle at Wanamaker’s,” “under the dome at the Emporium,” or “in the rotunda at Kahn’s.”
Many of the department stores constructed in the early 1900s were built in the Chicago School Commercial Style—steel-frame buildings with terra cotta1 cladding.